ACE IN THE HOLE

Written, produced and directed by Billy Wilder, ‘Ace In The Hole’ was initially screened in theaters under the name ‘The Big Carnival’. Kirk Douglas stars as Chuck Tatum a washed up journalist who finds himself in rural Albuquerque after being fired from several newspapers. Having burnt bridges and ruined his reputation, he somehow convinces the editor of the local newspaper to hire him temporarily. As luck would have it he ends up staying for about a year during which he laments often at the lack of excitement in the town as evidenced in the quality of stories they cover.

When Chuck and his photographer Herbie leave town to cover a story about a rattlesnake hunt, they chance upon a bigger find when a local, Leo Minosa, gets trapped in a cave while scavenging for Indian artifacts. Since Chuck is the first on the scene he sees this as an opportunity to redeem his dwindling career by getting the scoop at whatever cost. He commandeers the situation by befriending Leo’s wife and father and forcing his way past local police to gain access to the cave and meet Leo.

The film portrays the extent to which media will sometimes go to in pursuit of the story and what role they play in influencing public perception. We see Chuck manipulate the local Sherriff by playing on his need to be reelected and convince him to keep other media away from the scene. He also realizes that Leo’s wife, Lorraine, who plays an integral part in selling the story, also wants to take advantage of the situation to leave her husband. Chuck knows that because he has portrayed her as the worried, supportive wife, her leaving will go against his story so he convinces her to stay in town.

When he learns that it would take a day or so to get Leo out of the cave, Chuck devises a plan to use an alternate route that will give him more time to milk the situation dry. The fact that he is willing to risk another man’s life in order to be able to write more stories and gain fame shows the cut throat nature of the media industry. He goes as far as going into the cave with a camera in order to get the money shot that will sell the story even asking Leo to pose under the circumstances.

Some interesting perspectives come to light about the nature and ethics of journalistic practices and whether these are inherent or taught in the study of journalism. When Herbie states that he went to journalism school, Chuck tells him that he although he didn’t he has learnt more from practice that can’t be taught in a class. “Bad news sells best because good news is no news” is a phrase uttered by Chuck that is similar to the news value of oddity or unusualness e.g man bites dog.

Chuck also points out that the human interest element can’t be ignored. If you have a story about 284 people or 1 million people it will not have the same impact as 1 person who readers will be curious about and will find elements about them to connect with on a one to one level. Chuck’s editor does not question how they got the story when Chuck sends it to him without proper research or verification he just publishes it.

The need to stay relevant by having new and exciting content is seen as the main reason why Chuck and his team continue to manipulate the situation so as to stay ahead of the competition. Later in the movie we find out that Chuck’s stories have caused the paper to start printing two issues per day and increased circulation to 8000 copies per day. When Lorraine commends Chuck on one of his stories, he comments that it’s old news and not worth the paper it’s printed on that would be used to wrap meat later on (something our own President Kenyatta has been quoted saying.)

The sensationalism of the story creates public interest, bringing people from far and wide from the first day they go to print. In a way this has a positive income to an otherwise dead town especially in terms of economic returns to the local businesses with Leo’s wife being the main benefactor. We also see Herbie lose his idealism and join Chuck in pushing the best angle for the story and even chooses to quit his job and partner with him.

We see Chuck go full circle when he realizes that he has gone too far and Leo might die in the cave because they aren’t able to revert to the original plan to save him. He brings a priest to perform last rites for Leo which can also be seen as an attempt to absolve himself. As we watch him come to terms with his actions, it is evident that you cannot separate the person from the profession, his actions as a man and a journalist are intertwined.

 

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To school or not to school?

A couple of months ago I got into a debate with a friend who couldn’t understand why I chose to go back to school to finish my journalism degree. He is a self taught director and cinematographer who is one of the best at what he does and has won numerous awards in the film and TV industry. According to him you can learn anything off the internet e.g  if I wanted to learn how to edit or take photos I would just go on YouTube and find several tutorials. Go on try it for yourself, think of any skill, any question you have on any topic and go on Google search and bam! it takes a matter of seconds (that is if you don’t end up on the dubious side of the internet if you know what I mean….)

His main point was that higher education in Kenya costs a lot of time and money and often does not translate to you gaining skills and knowledge relevant to your field. I disagree because whether you’re in a class or on the net if you have no interest and don’t take the time to practice you’ll gain nothing. As part of the requirements for my degree I have done compulsory courses such as Algebra but I’ve also studied PR writing which though outside my area of concentration is relevant to my field. I think the overall aim is to have a graduate who is well trained in their field but is also knowledgeable about other topics and has gotten the chance to develop a skill in line with their natural talents and abilities.

I don’t know about you but my parents & I fork out a lot of money at my uni so I’m out to use every resource and get value for money every semester. Sometimes I think about what else I could be doing with my life and my money but having reached a certain level of self awareness I recognize certain truths.

1. I am young&have no dependents so if I’m wrong about school I can start over or pick something else and the world will not come to an end.

2. I am smart. Even when I make little effort I get good grades but when I push myself, ask questions, get into a debate, do research my mind is LIT and I like that kind of high.

3. I am street smart. I can talk my way through most things, I’m good with people, I have crazy ideas & I’m daring. If I had never left the go to uni-graduate-get a job-get married path I never would have known this about myself.

Whether you choose to go to Uni or learn to code off YouTube be open to learning and be willing to fight for what you want, it’s your life after all. Oh and just so we’re clear I’d rather see a trained doctor who went to Uni sit there while you join Google in speculating about what’s wrong with me. I can do that at home thank you very much!

Turn up the radio, blast the stereo louder….

“A cockroach can’t defeat a dinosaur. But the cockroach is good at one thing and it has ensured it’s survival through the ages:adaptation. One could adapt to the environment and one couldn’t.”

(George’s St-Pierre)

In 1912 the Titanic struck an iceberg in the North Atlantic and lots of people died needlessly because the ships in its vicinity did not monitor their receivers. Continue reading

NEWSPAPERS

It’s 2016 and my dad still buys the paper every morning. I’m not sure if this is because he actually enjoys reading a newspaper or if it’s a habit he doesn’t wish to break. He also watches the news religiously, knows how to use his smart phone to check for news online and is subscribed to a breaking news service that texts you regular updates. This guy is with it! Oh and did I mention that a newspaper costs Ksh60 in Kenya? That’s about Ksh400 every week which translates to almost Ksh200o a month. I mean even financially it doesn’t make sense for him to buy papers which will pile up in the house until mum barter trades them for some household item. So, why does he buy or read the paper again? I dunno guys I’ll have to ask him the next time I’m home. Continue reading